What is the Process of Adoption?
The adoption process in the state of New Jersey is guided by NJSA 9:3-37. The main purpose behind the statute is to balance the best interest of the child with the rights of the parents.
Adoptions may be placed through a state approved adoption agency. Typically the process begins when the biological mother decides that she is unable to care for the child, and at that point the adoptive parent, fills out an approved application for the consent to adopt. During the process, the approved agency will explain to the biological mother that the consent for adoption is irrevocable. All information that would lead to the identification of the birth parent must not be disclosed.
The adoptive and biological parents then may meet with each other, and communicate before the child is born to determine the parameters of the relationship.
Sometimes, the parents never meet, and the child is accepted into the new family without knowing who the biological parent is. In some arrangements the biological parent will not know the address or telephone number of the adoptive parents. In other situations, it is up to parents to permit to meet with and/or communicate with the adoptive parents. It is whatever you are comfort with.
The approved agency must provide the adoptive parent with all available information relevant to the development and medical history of the child prior to the finalization of the adoption.
Then the agency will file the appropriate documentation with the court, and those documents are sealed, including
The complaint and final judgment of adoption;
All relevant documents.